February 10 Program

Our speaker will be our own Senior Vice-President, Debbie Kaska. Her talk is entitled, “Britain and the American Civil War.” As a preview, Debbie writes that “By 1860, Britain and the U.S. were partners in trade and had many common interests.  The split between the states, therefore, was of intense interest in Britain.  Both the North and the South wanted Britain on their side during the war.The talk is about critical decisions by both the Union and the Confederacy that ultimately resulted in Britain’s neutrality.” 
Also, Secretary, Cathy Jordan reports that she’ll have your new 2017 roster ready to hand out.

Janice Roberta Gibson Cloud

Janice Gibson Cloud

Janice Gibson Cloud

A full life. A colorful life. A beautiful life.

Jan died of ovarian cancer February 23, surrounded by her family and beloved cat, Wally. Up until a week before her passing, she was able to enjoy her favorite activities – her genealogy study group and lunch with her former students at IHOP.

Jan was born in St. Joseph, MO on March 16, 1937 to Hazel and Elwyn Gibson. Raised in Arkansas and Missouri, she attended Central High (Little Rock, AK) and graduated from Joplin High in 1956. Jan attended the University of Oklahoma, was a member of Alpha Gamma Delta Sorority, and studied voice with opera singer Dame Eva Turner. Since Music was not a practical degree for a woman at that time, she received her Bachelor of Arts in Education in 1959.

Jan found her way to California through a teaching job at a junior high in Riverside but soon realized that teaching children was not the profession for her. Fortunately for all of us, Jan headed north to Santa Barbara where she studied with Lotte Lehmann at the Music Academy of the West. Jan continued singing with the local Opera Workshop and performed in many operas over the years as well as teaching voice, both privately and at Westmont College.

In 1962 Jan married William Edmund Deluccia. During her marriage to Bill (d. 1993) Jan experienced life as not many do. It was passionate, exciting, and never dull. Jan was resourceful. She cooked salmon in the dishwasher, served escargot with snails from her garden, cooked – and yes – ate crow after Bill shot it off the power line (there is very little meat on a crow, she said), and she cooked a pot roast on the manifold of her car on one of the many cross-country road trips. Adventurous, practical, clever. That was Jan.

In 1972 Jan married Preston E. Cloud, Jr. (d. 1991). This began a new adventure that took her around the world with Pres’ career as a distinguished biogeologist. It also took her to places like the High Sierras with a 40-pound pack on her back, cooking over a fire pit and sleeping under the stars before there was such a thing as a comfortable air mattress. Through her travels with Pres she experienced the highlight of her singing career in 1980 when she gave recitals in Beijing and Nanjing, China. Jan was the first American singer to give such a recital in Nanjing and was very proud that her repertoire included songs in six different languages, including Russian and Chinese!

Jan enjoyed the connection to the scientific community through Pres, always eager to attend meetings of the National Academy of Sciences and the American Philosophical Society. She had a thirst for knowledge, which led her into her ultimate profession and passion, genealogy. She was known to exclaim, “It’s worse than dope!” “It’s the greatest detective game!” “It’s so much more fun than doing housework!”

Jan was a leader, teacher, and mentor. She had a loyal following of genealogy students who attended her classes through SBCC’s Adult Education program, a career that spanned over 20 years. As friends have remarked, “Jan was an amazing person, a serious scholar of genealogy and a teacher who inspired rooms full of acolytes.” “Her passion for genealogy was sooo infectious!” And as another friend mused, “I take away a lot of what was shared in her classes, but honestly, one of the lasting legacies she imparted to me was the friendships that were made and still exist because of her class; most of us began as strangers, but that didn’t last long.”

Hand in hand with her teaching came her fierce love of and commitment to the Santa Barbara County Genealogical Society. Jan’s perseverance, visionary thinking and determination helped to create one of the strongest and most respected genealogical societies in California. For anyone who knew Jan, she was a force to be reckoned with and known for her persuasiveness. “Who can say no to Jan?!” Her deep knowledge of all aspects of genealogy, her perfectionism, her hilarious sense of humor, and her delightful stories earned her the respect and love of all who knew her.

Jan leaves a lasting legacy and passes her bright torch to her family: Sons Morgan De Lucia and Dante De Lucia (Ana Ojeda), daughter Amanda De Lucia (Viena Zeitler); step-children Lisa Cloud (Conor Hickey), Kevin Cloud, and Karen Cloud; grandchildren Nico, Julianna, Sofia, and Daniela De Lucia, Conor, Fiona, and Molly Hickey; dogs Rudy, Piccolo and Rosie; and her beloved cat, Wally.

Donations in Jan’s memory can be made to Dog Adoption and Welfare Group (DAWG), Animal Shelter Assistance Program (ASAP), and the Santa Barbara County Genealogical Society.

At Jan’s request, we will be having a party to celebrate her life Sunday, March 13, 3-5pm, at Rancho La Patera & Stow House, 304 N. Los Carneros Road, Goleta, CA.

Janalee Rae Erkel

Janalee was born in Los Angeles on August 14, 1939. She attended La Puente High School and worked at Hacienda La Puente Unified School District for over 30 years.

At the time of her death on January 18, 2016, she was living in San Bernardino and was buried at Rose Hills Memorial Park in Whittier, California.

She was the great-great-granddaughter of Private George Frank Duntley, Co. I, 102nd Illinois Regiment. She joined the Daughters of Union Veterans of the Civil War, 1861-1865, and was initiated into Betsy Ross Tent 40 in Huntington Park on February 20, 1952. She transferred to Laura Belle Stoddard Tent 22 on May 16, 1992. She was a member for nearly 64 years.

23rd Annual Blue-Gray Luncheon, Thursday, November 10, 2016

UDCA special traditional meeting and luncheon forDUV members and friends of Phoebe Yates Pember #2532, United Daughters of the Confederacy (UDC) and Laura Belle Stoddard Tent 22, Daughters of Union Veterans of the Civil War 1861-1865 (DUV) will be held on Thursday, November 10, 2016. The program will be presented by UCSB Professor of History and Dean of Humanities and Fine Arts, John Majewski. Dr. Majewski will talk about a book he is currently writing entitled Economic Creativity and the Coming of the Civil War. The luncheon cost is $32 with a choice of three entrees: Beef tenderloin, Halibut or vegetarian.  Contact Debbie Kaska at kaska (at) lifesci.ucsb.edu for more information on location and reservations.

DUV Tent 22 Luncheon & Meeting – September 9, 2016

It will definitely be a full agenda including new members initiation and presentation of the budget.  One of our two programs will feature a Power Point presentation by President Sue Ramsey.

She’ll be sharing information about her trip to the DUV convention in Springfield, Illinois. Plus, we’ll also have the pleasure of hearing from three of our new members as they introduce us to their Civil War veterans. As Debbie Kaska says, “This is actually one of our favorite programs!  Our Civil War Veterans are what brings us together and it’s a chance to honor them.”

Something new!  Starting this fall, our tent will have the opportunity to participate in several programs that support our veterans. I’ll be speaking briefly about these projects but since we have so much happening next Friday, I’m attaching a document for you to read prior to the meeting that provides more information. I hope you’ll choose to help with one or more of these projects.

Beginning in September, we’ll be joining forces with the Mitz-Khan-A-Khan Chapter of the D.A.R. in Ventura and the San Buenaventura Women’s Club to collect items for the 60 men and 4 women currently living in the Veterans Home of California-Ventura.

It’s been wonderful to send a check to these veterans each year but by donating items on their wish lists, we can be more actively involved in their lives.

Since the first donation is scheduled for Friday, November 18th, we should start collecting items at our September meeting.

22nd Annual Blue-Gray Luncheon, Friday, November 13, 2015

 

UDC

A special traditional meeting and luncheon forDUV members and friends of Phoebe Yates Pember #2532, United Daughters of the Confederacy (UDC) and Laura Belle Stoddard Tent 22, Daughters of Union Veterans of the Civil War 1861-1865 (DUV), featuring Treasures of the William Wyles Collection, UCSB, with speaker Danelle Moon, head of Special Research Collections, UCSB Library, The West Coast’s largest collection of records, manuscripts, diaries, photos and more, devoted to the Civil War and the Westward Movement.  Special guest appearance by Mr. William Wyles accompanied by Neal Graffy, author and Santa Barbara historian.

 

Sherburne, Benjamin F., Cpl. – Battery G, 2nd IL Light Artillery

BFSherburneBenjamin Franklin SHERBURNE was born 4 January, 1836 at Canandaigua, Ontario, New York, son of Hezekiah SHERBURNE, a veteran of the War of 1812, and wife Mary HERRICK, both New York natives.

Benjamin was enrolled as 1st Corporal in Battery G (Capt. Stolbrand) of the 2nd Illinois Light Artillery on 16 September 1861 in Springfield, Illinois and was honorably discharged from the Marine Hospital in Chicago, Illinois on 12 May 1864 due to illness contracted during the war.

During his time in service, his regiment traveled extensively and was involved in many important campaigns in Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi, and Louisiana. Battery G was also in the “Horizon” shipping tragedy.

On 1 May 1863 while crossing the Mississippi, a steam transport ship, the Horizon, attached to Battery G, was sunk; but not by the Rebels. Army correspondence on page 215 of Julian K Larke’s “Life, Campaigns and Battles of Gen. Ulysses S Grant” relates: “The steamers, which a few nights before had run the rebel batteries at Vicksburg and Grand Gulf, were then used to carry troops from Bromly’s plantation to Bruinsburg. Among others the Moderator and Horizon were thus used. The Moderator on her return trip, met the Horizon coming down the river, having on board one hundred and fifty thousand rations and a full battery of artillery. Whether it was owing to the fog or the carelessness of the pilot has not been ascertained; but somehow the two vessels collided, and the Horizon, rations and battery, sank in deep water and disappeared from mortal vision. Every horse on board was drowned. Every gun lies fathoms deep in water, rations were ruined, and I regret to add that two or three soldiers found a watery grave. At this juncture the loss is almost irreparable.”

The battery regrouped at Memphis and rejoined the regiment on 30 June for the last 5 days of the Siege of Vicksburg and in time for the surrender of Vicksburg on 4 July. The battery remained on duty at Vicksburg until November of that year.

It is not Screen Shot 2015-09-07 at 1.52.08 PMknown if Benjamin Sherburne was at the Horizon military disaster but he was not one of the soldiers lost.

After convalescing following his discharge he moved with his family to Iowa. He married Sophronia BISHOP (born 25 September 1848 at Lexington, Carroll, Indiana) on 29 April 1867 in Clarksville, Butler, Iowa. They had 5 children who lived to adulthood.

Benjamin Franklin Sherburne died on 23 December 1919 at Waterloo, Black Hawk, Iowa.

http://www.batteryg.org/batteryg/history/NewsObits/SherburneBenObt.html

http://www.batteryg.org/batteryg/history/BattGBios/SherburneBen.html

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=94150763

Moore, Henry, Pvt. – Co. A, Co. M, 5th IA Cavalry, Charter Member of John W. Rollins Post 7, G.A.R.

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Private Henry Moore

Henry Moore was b. 5 Jan 1841 in Gasconade [later Osage] County, Missouri, the 6th of 7 sons of 12 known children of Thomas MOORE (b. 20 May 1800, Lancaster Co, PA; d. 25 Aug 1851, Osage Co, MO) and wife Mary Catherine BEST (b. 1801, Washington Co, PA). Thomas and Mary had married on 1 Jun 1821 in Tuscarawas [later Holmes] Co, Ohio, where both MOORE and BEST families had arrived prior to 1820.

Thomas Moore sold his property in Holmes County Ohio in 1839, to move to Gasconade County, MO.

Of the 12 children of Thomas and Mary: six: Patrick 1824, Elizabeth 1825, Nancy 1826, John 1830, Elias 1831, Mary 1832, and Hezekiah 1833 — were born in Ohio; Catherine 1837, Thomas 1839, Henry 1841, Margaret 1842, and Noah 1843 — were born in MO.

When war came, four from the Thomas Moore family fought for freedom with the Union army: Hezekiah, Henry, Thomas, and their brother-in-law, Catherine Augusta Moore’s husband George Sluthour; all four were from Fredericksburg, MO. On 28 Aug 1862, Henry (21), Hezekiah (28) enlisted in the 5th Iowa Cavalry; both were mustered in on the 13th day of Sept. The Regiment was consolidated in Aug 1864 and the brothers were transferred from Company A, 5th Iowa Cavalry to Company M of the 5th Iowa Veterans Cavalry Consolidated (but still called the 5th Iowa Cavalry. ) Henry and Hezekiah were mustered out with the Regiment on 11 Aug 1865 after almost exactly 3 years of service.

Company M of the 5th IA Cavalry was cited in official reports on at least one occasion. Here, in part:

“On the 10th of April 1863, Company H. had been upon a scout and, coming across a considerable force of the enemy near Waverly, was returning towards Fort Donelson, closely pursued by the party of rebels. Upon nearing the fort the rebels abandoned the pursuit, and were returning towards Waverly, when they were met and attacked by Company M, of the Fifth Iowa Cavalry, which had also been on a scout. In the ensuing fight, the rebels were quickly defeated, with a loss of three killed and twenty-one captured, including their commander, Major Blanton, and Surgeon Smith, while the loss of Company M was one man wounded.”

Sometimes, official reports don’t tell the whole story: from a year and nine months later:

“On the 15th of December 1864 General Thomas assumed the offensive in the battle of Nashville . . . The regiment joined in the pursuit of the defeated enemy, and during the pursuit had several skirmishes, the most notable of which occurred on December 25th, at the town of Pulaski and at the bridge over Richland Creek. In these 16 encounters the regiment lost twenty men killed and wounded.”

One of those wounded was Henry Moore, for he was noted as “Accidentally wounded Dec. 15, 1864.”

During those three years, the 5th IA Cavalry/Consolidated Regiment was attached to 12 different units and the Moore brothers traveled with the regiment in or through at least five states: IA, TN, KY, GA and SC, as the regiment was involved in picket and scouting duties, skirmishes and battles at Fort Donelson, Fort Heiman, Murfreesboro, Huntsville, Nashville, Decatur, Louisville, Columbia, Pulaski, Macon, and Atlanta, among other locales. The total enrollment of the 5th IA Cavalry is given as 1,625; during service the regiment lost: 7 officers 58 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 2 officers and 179 enlisted men died of disease. Total lost: 246.

Henry Moore was at the Battle of Atlanta and was with General Sherman’s army. In his application for a pension, he wrote, “In the Autumn of 1864 at the battle of Atlanta, Georgia, I received injuries by the explosion of shells and overheated by the fires and heat which caused partial deafness and other problems. This was the day before the enemy evacuated Atlanta. I was then sent with the regiment to Nashville, Tn, and remained in camp, not being fit for duty, until the battle of Nashville. Then was mounted and went into battle and was wounded again and was treated for spinal disc problems.” His wound was “his fourth toe of his right foot was shot off accidentally by himself or comrades, while mounting or dismounting when he was in battle.” Hezekiah Moore’s obituary also states that he was with Gen Sherman through Atlanta & the march To The Sea. These two brothers enlisted together, fought together and were discharged together.

In October 1861, brother Thomas Moore and brother-in-law George Sluthour had enrolled in Missouri independent cavalry units (the “Curtis Horse” and “Osage County Mounted Rifles, commanded by Captain Kidd”, respectively), both precursors to the Iowa 5th. Thomas was Honorably Discharged (for disability) on 3 May 1862, after the consolidation of these independent units into the Iowa 5th Cavalry. He settled in Howell Co, MO, where he married Mary Jane Garrett and produced a family of 9 known children. Thomas died 28 Feb 1896.

Brother-in-law George Sluthour was in good health until Feb 1862. when he ruptured an artery in his lungs. Unfit for any duty, he was sent to hospital in St. Louis, MO. “He came to hospital expectorating blood, says he has chest attack within 2 weeks before coming to hospital. He lost much blood.” George was discharged 11 Apr 1862 with Certificate of Disability. However, on 28 Feb 1864 he re-joined, this time with the ‘family company’ in the 5th Iowa Cavalry. After the war he came home to wife Augusta. Six of their seven children were born by the 1870 census; and the family was living in Cedar Co, MO.

Henry had come home between battles and met Sarah Ann BURTON. Sarah Ann’s family had migrated to southern Missouri in 1856 and founded a community called “Mt. Zion” about 15 miles SE of Henry’s “West Plains”. When the war came the Burtons were “forced to Refuge” and had evacuated to Gasconade/Osage County. After the war, on 24 Mar 1867, her Methodist minister father married Sarah Ann (born 1 Mar 1847 in Maury Co, TN) and Henry.

By 1870 they lived in West Plains, Howell Twp, Howell Co, MO. Sarah Ann had borne the first 2 of their 7 children: Mary C: 1868 and Sidney Victoria 1869. Both Henry and Sarah Ann were Methodist: Henry of Methodist-Episcopal North, and Sarah of Methodist-Episcopal South. They are credited with organizing the first Sunday School in West Plains, meeting at first in a blacksmith shop!

By the 1880 census Henry is a widower, with 5 living children: Usebius “Sebe” 1875; Thomas D 1877, and Carrie 1880; (William D 1871 and Sarah Flora 1873 died as infants.) Sarah Ann Burton Moore had died 18 Mar 1880. She was buried at Mount Zion Cemetery, South Fork, Howell Co, MO. From their 5th child, Thomas D., descends the member of Laura Belle Stoddard Tent 22, Daughters of Union Veterans of the Civil War, 1861-1865.

Henry married again on 2 Sep 1880, to Sarah Catherine GARRETT, whose sister was Mary Jane, wife of Henry’s brother Thomas. Henry and Sarah Catherine had 7 children between 1882 and 1891: Jacob Levi, John Henry, Martha Edith, Roscoe Conklin, Arthur More, Catherine Best, and Thomas. Both Catherine B and Thomas died as infants. Henry was a charter member of the G.A.R. and his wife an ardent member of the Women’s Relief Corps.

Henry purchased 200 acres, homesteaded an adjoining 40 acres, and grew some of the finest wheat crop ever grown in South Missouri. Much of that land is now part of West Plains. The western end of West Plains is still called “the Moore Addition.” Henry established the Moore Milling Company, which became the Pease-Moore Milling Co when Clint Pease, who had owned a flour mill prior to moving to West Plains, married Henry’s daughter Sidney.

From obituaries in local newspapers at time of Henry’s death:

  • “DEATH CLAIMS ‘Uncle Henry’ MOORE, LAST UNION SOLDIER HERE”
  • “In a feature story printed in the Journal [West Plains] a year ago this month, it was stated that Mr. Moore was the only surviving veteran of the civil war in Howell county, and that he could also qualify as a ‘Three-Quarter-of-a-Century farmer [here] “
  • “He was a youth of 19 when the Civil War broke out in 1861, and in 1862 he enlisted with Company M of the 5th Iowa Cavalry serving until the end of the war. He received his honorable discharge in April 1865.”
  • “One year ago Mr. Moore was the only local G.A.R. member left to attend the annual Decoration Day program, but this year he was too frail to take part.”
  • “Among the survivors, besides the widow, the two daughters and four sons, are 30 grandchildren and 16 great-grandchildren.”

Henry Moore died in Howell County, Missouri on Sunday 30 Jun 1940 in his 99 year of age, leaving widow Sarah Catherine G. Moore, 90. The couple would have celebrated sixty years on 2 September. Sarah Catherine lived another five years, dying on 27 Aug 1945. Both Henry and Sarah C G Moore are buried at Oak Lawn Cemetery, West Plains, Howell Co, Missouri.

Personal Memories

            I was ten years old in 1940 when my grandfather died at age 99. My mother and I were the only ones left in my family; we were still on the farm. I remember going to Grandpa Moore’s home. He was totally deaf, but could still read the paper without glasses. He was able to walk on his own. I remember he had the front bedroom. His Union army uniform was on a chair and a large American flag on a long pole was in the corner of his room. He had a beard and it was a bit messy when he ate his oatmeal!

[All military sources accessed in Feb 2015:

Family stories and records, including newspaper articles.

<ancestry.com> Civil War military databases.

<http://iagenweb.org/civilwar/books/logan.htm>

<http://iagenweb.org/civilwar/books/logan/mil100.htm>

<http://files.usgwarchives.net/ia/state/military/civilwar/book/cwbk_5c.txt>

< http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-battle-units-detail.htm?battleUnitCode=UIA0005RC>

<http://books.google.com/books?id=okAuAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA1015&source=gbs_toc_r&cad=3#v=onepage&q&f=false> ]

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Left to Right:

Standing: Uncle Sebe (Usebius) Moore; Uncle Jake Moore; Uncle John Moore; Thomas Donald Moore; Uncle Roscoe Moore;.

Seated: Sarah Catherine Garrett Moore; Henry Moore; Uncle Arthur Moore.

At Home, 415 Pennsylvania Avenue, West Plains, Howell County, Missouri. Circa 1910?

 

 

Thevenin, Robert John, Cpl. – Co. G, 18th OH Infantry, 18th Independent Battery, OH Light Artillery

RobertTheveninANDchild (1)Robert John Thevenin was born January 1, 1834 in Gallia County, Ohio near the village of Thivener, Ohio. The village was named in honor of Robert’s grandfather Nicholas Thevenin who was one of the original French settlers of the nearby Ohio River town of Gallipolis, Ohio. The village was named Thivener, which is the English pronunciation of Thevenin. From Robert descends the line to the member of the Laura Belle Stoddard Tent 22, Daughters of Union Veterans of the Civil War, 1861-1865.

Robert’s parents, Francis Collin and Mary Anne (White) Thevenin had eleven children and lived near the village of Thivener. Four of their sons, Robert, John, Nicholas II and Francis (known as FC), served in the Union Army during the Civil War.

When the Civil War broke out, President Lincoln called for volunteers to enlist for 3 months. Most thought it would be a short war. Robert, John and FC enlisted in Company “G” of the 18th Ohio Volunteer Infantry (18th OVI) for three months. The 18th OVI was sent to different points on the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad to guard the railroad and trains between Parkersburg and Clarksburg, West Virginia. The three brothers were mustered out at Columbus, Ohio on August 28, 1861.

As the war continued to grind on Lincoln called for more volunteers to serve for 3 years. This time four Thevenin brothers answered the call. John and FC joined Company “F” of the 33rd Ohio Volunteer Infantry (33rd OVI). Nicholas II joined Company “L” of the 7th Ohio Cavalry.

Robert was enlisted in the 18th Independent Battery, Ohio Light Artillery on July 19, 1862 at Gallipolis by Capt. Aleshire for a term of 3 years. He mustered in at Camp Portsmouth, Ohio on September 13, 1862. His Battery Descriptive Book shows that he was a 32 year-old farmer, 5 foot 4½ inches tall, light complexion, blue eyes and brown hair. He was mustered in as a Corporal possibly because of his age and/or because he was an experienced soldier, having previously served for 3 months.

Robert served with the 18th Battery in the western theatre of the Civil War for three years. They fought the rebels at the battles of:

  • Thompson’s Station, Tennessee (March 4-5, 1863)
  • Franklin, Tennessee (April 10, 1863)
  • Tullahoma Campaign, Tennessee (June 23 to July 7, 1863)
  • Chickamauga, Georgia (September 19-20, 1863)
  • Lookout Mountain, Tennessee (November 23-24, 1863)
  • Chattanooga, Tennessee (November 23-25, 1863)
  • Nashville, Tennessee (December 15-16, 1864)

The largest and bloodiest battle that Robert fought in was the Battle of Chickamauga. It took place on September 19th and 20th in 1863 along Chickamauga Creek just over the Georgia state line south of Chattanooga, Tennessee. The battle lines ran north and south with the Union troops under General William Rosecrans on the west bank facing east and the confederates under General Braxton Bragg on the east side facing west. Two of Robert’s brothers, John and FC of the 33rd OVI also fought in this battle.

On the first day of the battle, Robert and the 18th Ohio Battery were stationed with the reserve corps under General Gordon Granger about 3 miles north of the main battle line. Robert’s brothers John and FC, both of the 33rd OVI, were part of the northern end of the Union line under the command of General George Thomas. That day, while the 33rd OVI was fighting in close quarters with the enemy near the Winfrey Farm, John became separated from his company and was captured. He was to die while in rebel captivity about 18 months later.

The second and last day of the battle was a near disaster for the Union army. During a redeployment of the Union line, a gap was accidentally opened and the rebels charged through it thus cutting the Union line in two. The southern section of the Union army, along with its commander General Rosecrans, left the field of battle and retreated back inside the Union fortifications at Chattanooga, Tennessee leaving behind the now vastly outnumbered north section of the Union army battle line.

General Thomas hurriedly formed his remaining troops into a horseshoe shaped defensive line on the slopes of the Snodgrass farm. Here they planned to hold until darkness might allow an organized retreat. The rebels saw this as a chance for a major victory and mounted charge after charge until it was looking bleak for the Union boys in blue.

General Granger, the commander of the Union reserve force 3 miles to the north, sensed something was badly wrong. He took the initiative, on his own and with no orders, to reinforce General Thomas as quickly as possible. Thus Corporal Robert Thevenin and the 18th Ohio Battery, along with Granger’s infantry, became part of one of the greatest last minute rescue operations in American military history. At the same time, Robert also helped to save his younger brother FC, who was fighting to hold the northern section of the U shaped battle-line with his regiment, the 33rd OVI.

Granger’s reserves reached General Thomas in the nick of time. They were ordered into battle on the run. Robert and the 18th battery immediately unlimbered their six 3 inch ordnance rifle cannons and began firing into the charging rebels. A monument honoring the 18th Ohio Battery marks that location today. Thus the remaining Union forces held Snodgrass Hill until nightfall concealed their withdrawal to Chattanooga. There the Union forces regrouped. They began driving General Bragg’s rebel forces south toward Atlanta two months later.

Thevenin_18thLghtAtlyMonument_ChickamaugaChickamauga was the largest and costliest Civil War battle in the western theatre. In the entire Civil War it was second only to the battle at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania three months earlier. For his leadership in the second day’s fighting, General George Thomas was given the nickname “The Rock of Chickamauga.” He was considered a “soldier’s soldier” by his men who looked up to him as a father figure and affectionately called him “Old Pap.”

During the time between the battles of Chickamauga and Chattanooga, Robert and the 18th Ohio Battery emplaced their trusty battery of six 3 inch ordnance rifle cannons on Moccasin Point under the shadow of rebel occupied Lookout Mountain just west of Chattanooga. According to family oral history, Robert bragged that while there, he “shot the rebel flags off of Lookout Mountain.” History tells us that the armies at that time used signal flags to relay messages. The records also show that while on Moccasin Point, the 18th Ohio Battery was temporarily reinforced with a few of the more powerful, longer range, 20 pounder Parrott Rifle cannons whose range could reach the rebels and their flags atop Lookout Mountain. In Union Army light artillery batteries, the corporals were usually the “gunners”, as they called the ones in the gun crew who actually aimed the cannons. So it is highly likely that he did shoot the rebel flags off of Lookout Mountain.

While driving the rebels south toward Atlanta, Robert fought in the Battle of Chattanooga (November 23 to 25, 1863) under General U. S. Grant. He was also in several smaller battles of the Atlanta Campaign under the overall command of General William Tecumseh Sherman.

After the fall of Atlanta and during Sherman’s famous march from “Atlanta to the Sea”, Robert and the 18th Ohio Battery were sent to Nashville, Tennessee, while Brother FC and his 33rd OVI went with Sherman’s forces. In Nashville, Robert was once again under the command of “Old Pap” General George Thomas.

In late 1864, the last full year of the Civil War, confederate General John Bell Hood marched his army north and set up siege lines outside Nashville. On December 15th and 16th, 1864, Old Pap and his boys in blue came storming out of Nashville in a massive right wheel maneuver and slammed into Hood’s forces. During this two-day winter battle and the following pursuit, Hood’s confederate army was dealt such a crushing defeat by the Union forces that they disintegrated and ceased to exist as an organized force. This was the only time in the Civil War that an army on either side suffered such a fate.

Robert was mustered out with the battery at Camp Dennison, Ohio near Cincinnati on 29 June 1865. After the war, Robert made his home mostly in nearby Putnam County, West Virginia where he was a farmer. He and his wife, the former Joanna Williams, eventually had 12 children, four of whom were born before the Civil War. Near the end of his life, Robert was granted a Civil War pension of $30 per month, which was later raised to $40 per month.

Robert died in Gallia County, Ohio and is buried in St. Nicholas cemetery on Friendly Ridge Road south of the town of Thivener in Clay Township, Gallia County, Ohio. His Civil War headstone is next to those of Collin and Mary, his mother and father. Nearby are now the “In Memory of” headstones of his two brothers John and Nicholas II.

 

Two Brothers Come Home in Memory

On October 2, 2004, at St. Nicholas Cemetery, the Cadot-Blessing Camp No. 126 of the Sons of Thevenin SUVCW CeremonyPhotoUnion Veterans of the Civil War (SUVCW) held a full military honors ceremony for the brothers John and Nicholas Thevenin II, two Gallia County Civil War veterans who did not make it home. John was captured the first day of the Battle of Chickamauga. Nicholas II was captured in an early morning cavalry battle near Rogersville, Tennessee on November 6, 1863. Both died of starvation and exposure while in the hands of the rebels.

Though their remains still lie in unmarked graves in the old south, in or near the site of the former rebel POW camp at Florence, South Carolina, they were brought home in memory that sunny fall day.

About 70 Thevenin friends and family attended the ceremony, which was organized by the member of Laura Belle Stoddard Tent 22 of the Daughters of Union Veterans of the Civil War (DUVCW) and her husband, who also obtained the memorial headstones from the Department of Veterans Affairs. Later that day the attendees visited the grave of the fourth brother, F. C. Thevenin, at Mina Chapel Cemetery in nearby Green Township, Gallia County, Ohio.

RobtThevenin_Headstone

 

TheveninMemorialHeadstonestm/Feb2015

Gibson, William Aikin, Ass’t. Surgeon – 48th MO Infantry

William A. Gibson Photo01William Aikin Gibson was born 2 September 1831 in Lincoln County, Tennessee. He was the son of John H. Gibson (b. 1 January 1805 in Rockingham Co., North Carolina) and Isabella Buchanan (b. 2 October 1804 in Davidson Co., Tennessee).

On 24 July 1855, William Aikin Gibson married Lucinda Chenoweth (b. 9 October 1837 in Springfield, Missouri; d. 15 September 1906). Three children were born to the couple including Erastus C. Gibson (b. 23 Dec 1856; d. 21 Sept. 1951) from whom the member of Laura Belle Stoddard, Tent 22, Daughters of Union Veterans of the Civil War 1861-1865, descends.Lucinda Chenoweth Photo01

When the Civil War broke out, Lucinda’s father, Dr. John W. Chenoweth, and her brother, Thomas, enlisted in the Missouri State Guards, a Confederate unit. William A. Gibson, also a doctor, did not enlist at this point, nor would he until nearly the end of the war. On 20 August 1864, William received a commission from Governor W.P. Hall as Assistant Surgeon with the 48th Missouri Infantry, a Union regiment. Dr. Gibson served with this unit until he was honorably discharged on 29 June 1865. He however returned home to a divided household.

Lucinda was caught in the middle with her loyalties to father and to husband. The strain within the family must have been difficult. About 1873, Lucinda’s father arrived in Missouri and moved Lucinda and two of her children, Erastus and Emma, to Grayson County, Texas where Lucinda’s father and mother now lived.

William, still living in Missouri, wrote love poems to his wife in Texas, and although William and Lucinda never divorced, they also never re-united. William A. Gibson died on 13 January 1879 in Greene County, Missouri. He is buried in rural Danforth Cemetery near Springfield, Missouri. Lucinda survived another 27 years, dying in 1906. She was buried in Whitewright Cemetery, Grayson County, Texas. Since William and Lucinda were never divorced, Lucinda received a widow’s pension from 1899 to 1906, based on her husband’s service.