Hall, Henry Pvt., Co. I, 10th WV Infantry

Henry Hall was born about 1833 in Hardy County, Virginia. His parents were James Hall, born in 1775 in Virginia, and Juda Taylor born in 1795 in Virginia. He had four siblings and the 1860 Census shows him, age 27, living at home with James, his widowed father, working as a laborer. At that time, in the “neighborhood” resided Simon Ritchie born in 1795 in Virginia, a farmer, and his wife Elizabeth born in 1811 in Virginia. Their daughter, Mary Elizabeth, was born in 1841 in Virginia and was age 19 at the time of the Census.

Henry and Mary Elizabeth were married in 1862 and together had one child, David Henry Hall, born May 7, 1863, at Harpers Ferry, Virginia, from which child descends this line to the member of Laura Belle Stoddard Tent 22, Daughters of the Union Veterans of the Civil War 1861 – 1865.

All the pre-Civil War activities were going on in Henry’s “backyard.” Abolitionist John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry arsenal was October 16 – 18, 1859. Henry Hall enlisted on June 21, 1863, at New Creek, Virginia for a “3-year” stint, a mere 45 days after his infant son, David Henry was born. He was assigned to the 10th West Virginia Infantry. Records show his age at 25, 5’9” tall, with blue eyes, black hair, and a light complexion. Five foot, nine inches was tall for the time and the gene for tall height has descended to the current generation.

This regiment was recruited by T.M. Harris, a practicing physician at the beginning of the war. Dr. Harris visited Governor Pierpont in 1861 and obtained consent to recruit a regiment for Union service. He traveled the state gathering suitable men for recruits. The 10th Regiment was organized from May 1862 through June 1864 and served mostly in West Virginia. It was so
particularly well-adapted for the area that the governor did not want to release them to other areas of service. The local area was important due to the number of mines as well as crisscrossing railroad lines.

On January 3, 1864, 25 men from the 10th West Virginia Regiment were guarding a wagon train bound for New Creek. At a location known as Moore Field Junction, Virginia, Confederate troops attacked the wagon train. This battle was known as the Battle at Moore Field Junction. Private Henry Hall, age 30, was taken prisoner and was “in the hands of the enemy” per Union records on January 3, 1864, at Moore Field Junction.

Approximately 20 men were transferred to the notorious Camp Sumter in Andersonville, Georgia, thereafter, was known as “Andersonville Prison.” This Confederate prison was considered one of the worst prisons during the Civil War. It was overcrowded and there was not enough food or shelter for the inmates. They had to build their own shelters out of sticks or whatever material was available or slept in the open or under tents made of rags. Sickness and malnutrition ran rampant among the men. Many died of typhus due to poor sanitary conditions. There was scant fresh water and unfortunately, Henry died there on August 14, 1864, the same month as the “miraculous” emergence of Providence Spring due to the lightning strike but was not in time to save Henry. His son, David Henry, was 15 months old at the time of his death. He is buried in Andersonville Prison, Georgia Plot F-5469.

McDonald, John Irvin, Pvt. – Co F, 12th WV Infantry Regiment

JohnIMcDonaldJohn Irvin McDonald was born circa 1836 in Harrison County, Virginia [West Virginia became a state on 20 Jun 1863], the son of John H (ca 1803 PA – ?) and Nancy CRIM (b. ca 1798 PA – ?) McDONALD.

On 9 Sep 1860, John married Clarinda Ann FLEMING (5 Mar 1839 VA/WV – 31 Mar 1921, Monongah, Marion Co WV) daughter of Joab and Mary CONAWAY Fleming.
John and Clarinda had at least 9 children: William Henry, Elias Owens, Mary Virginia, Charles Fleming, Festus Creed, Lola, Nellie, Sara Elizabeth and Artie May.
From their 5th child, Festus Creed (b. 28 Sep 1869 – d. 20 Apr 1932),
descends the member of Laura Belle Stoddard Tent 22, Daughters of Union Veterans of the Civil War, 1861-1865.

John died on 15 Dec 1897 and is buried in Grove Cemetery, Monongah, Marion, WV, as is his wife, Clarinda.

Sources: all accessed in Jan 2015.

US Federal Censuses 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880. Ancestry.com


John was enrolled 18 Aug 1862, in a Marion County unit: Company F, as part of the new WV 12th Infantry Regiment (fully organized in Wheeling W. Va, by 30 Aug 1862.) He remained in this unit for the war, mustering out with the regiment on 16 Jun 1865. He received an invalid pension from1890 to his death and Clarinda received a widow’s pension from 1898. He may have participated in any or all actions of the regiment.

According to the National Park Service’s Civil War site’s Battle Unit Details for the WV 12th Inf Reg’t


Organized at Wheeling, W. Va., August 30, 1862. Attached to Railroad District, 8th Army Corps, Middle Dept., to January, 1863. Milroy’s Command, Winchester, Va., 3th Army Corps, to February, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 3th Army Corps, to June, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. of the Susquehanna, to July, 1863. McReynolds’ Command, Martinsburg, W. Va., to December, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, West Virginia, to January, 1864. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, West Virginia, to April, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Infantry Division, West Virginia, to December, 1864. 2nd Brigade, Independent Division, 24th Army Corps, Army of the James, to June, 1865.


At Buckhannon October, 1862. Wardensville October 16. Moved to Winchester, Va., January, 1863, and duty there till May. At Beverly May. Battle of Winchester June 13-15. Retreat to Harper’s Ferry June 15-17. At Bloody Run, Pa., June 30. At Martinsburg, W. Va., July 14-December 10, 1863. Wells’ demonstration up the Shenandoah Valley December 10-25. At Harper’s Ferry till February 1, 1864. At New Creek till April. At Cumberland, Md., Webster and Beverly April. Sigel’s Expedition from Martinsburg to New Market, Va., April 30-May 16. Rude’s Hill May 14. Battle of New Market May 15. Advance to Staunton May 24-June 6. Piedmont, Mt. Crawford, June 5. Occupation of Staunton June 6. Hunter’s Expedition to Lynchburg June 10-July 1. Near Lynchburg June 14. Diamond Hill June 17. Lynchburg June 17-18. Retreat to Charleston, W. Va., June 18-July 1. Moved to Shenandoah Valley July 12-15. Snicker’s Ferry July 17-18. Battle of Kernstown-Winchester July 23-24. Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 6-November 28. Cedar Creek August 12. Strasburg August 15. Berryville September 3. Battle ofOpequan, Winchester, September 19 (guarding trains). Fisher’s Hill September 22 (guarding trains). Duty at Winchester and in the Shenandoah Valley till December. Moved to Washington, D. C., thence to Bermuda Hundred, Va., December 19-23. Duty in trenches before Richmond till March, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Moved to front of Petersburg March 28-29. Hatcher’s Run March 30-31 and April 1. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. Rice’s StationApril 6.

Appomattox Court House

April 9. Surrrender of Lee and his army. March to Lynchburg, Va., April 12-15, thence to Farmville and Burkesville Junction April 15-19, and to Richmond April 22-25. Duty near Richmond till June. Mustered out June 16, 1865.”

 One hundred ninety members of the WV 12th died during the war: 131 enlisted men died of disease and 59 from mortal wounds or death in action, including 3 officers.
According to Wikipedia: “The regiment was particularly distinguished for its successful attack on Fort Gregg during the 1864 Siege of Petersburg receiving a golden eagle for its flagstaff as a token of appreciation from corps commander John Gibbon.”

Sources: all accessed in Jan 2015.

    Pension Card search
ct/Jan 2015


Bayha, John Philip, Sgt., Battery D, 1st WV Lt. Artillery, James A. Garfield Post 80, Red Cloud, NE


And Charles O Rovohl Post 302 G.A.R., Colby, Kansas

Bayha_1901John Philip Bayha (BAY – hay) was born on February 15, 1843 in what was then Wheeling, Virginia, as the second child of 4 sons and 2 daughters to an emigrant German couple. His father, Louis J. Bayha (b. 1813 in Germany), was a baker who arrived in the US at age 18 with his parents and siblings in 1832. He moved to Wheeling shortly after arriving, set up his bakery and married John’s mother, Elizabeth Eckhardt (b. 1823 in Prussia) there in 1840. His father was also a baker.

The first of his family to sign up, John enlisted on August 16, 1862, at age 19 in Battery D, 1st WV Light Artillery, US Army, all 106 members from the Wheeling area. The battery captain was John Carlin. Not long after his enlistment he was made sergeant, perhaps because he could read and write.

He kept careful diaries throughout his service until the end of the war. The family is fortunate enough to have his 5 war diaries, detailing his duties and life in the unit. His duties included caring for the pieces of artillery, the horses that pulled them, the harnesses, the caissons and wagons that carried ammunition, and leading drills. He was also responsible for the firing of one of the pieces of artillery in skirmishes. He often stepped in and handled duties for sick officers, foraging, locating supplies, distributing pay, and the like. They are uniformly lacking in personal reflections and stick strictly to facts; nevertheless, they are priceless treasures.

Some of the encounters he survived were the second battle of Winchester, the battle of Newmarket, Staunton, Piedmont, Hunter’s Raid on Lynchburg, Diamond Hill, Liberty, Buford’s Gap, Salem and he was at Petersburg. He mustered out on June 27, 1865. He was seemingly uninjured but his pension papers tell the true impact of the war on his body, such as an arm injury due to his artillery piece misfiring and other common complaints of soldiers such rheumatism, etc.

In September 1865 he completed a bookkeeping course in Wheeling and moved to Nebraska. By 1870 he was living in Dakota City, Nebraska and his occupation was clerk.

On October 19, 1871, he married his lifelong partner Elmira Mitchell in Dakota City, Nebraska. Together they had 3 sons, 3 daughters, and a set of twin girls, one of whom survived the birth.  He was a clerk, bookkeeper, and merchant to support the family.

John was quite active in his community. He served as City Marshall, Street Commissioner, City Clerk, and Mayor of Dakota City. He was also secretary of the Freemasons, vice president of the first Bible Society and the first baseball club in Dakota City. By 1880 when they had moved to Red Cloud, Nebraska, he served as Councilman and Mayor of Red Cloud, County Clerk and County Recorder of Webster County. He also joined the James A. Garfield Post 80 of the GAR in Red Cloud, Nebraska.

By 1889 he had moved to Colby, Kansas, where he joined the Charles O Rovohl Post 302 of the GAR. He was immediately chosen as quartermaster and held that position alternating with adjutant until he and the family moved to California in 1900. The family resided in Westminster, Riverside, and Monrovia for the remainder of their days.

On August 20, 1912, he traveled to Wheeling, West Virginia, for the 50th anniversary of the enlistment of Battery D and to pose for a photo with the remains of the artillery unit. He also attended the 46th GAR National Encampment in Los Angeles in 1912 as he had the badge from that event.

John died at the age of 79 on June 1, 1922, and was buried in Olivewood Cemetery in Riverside,



California. When his granddaughter discovered his marker simply had his name, birth and death years, she had the stone replaced with one that recognized his years of service to our country.


May 2015